Lorraine Forehead BA OCR SpLD Diploma APC

Dyslexia Assessment
in Surrey and West Sussex

Telephone: 07855 732258
Email: lorraine@dyslexiasurrey.co.uk
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Dyslexia can affect people of all
ages, races and abilities

Dyslexia can make it difficult for the learner to acquire reading, spelling, writing and, sometimes, numeracy and organisational skills.

You may notice...
Screening or full assessment? Find out:
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You may notice difficulties with:
- Reading comprehension and/or slow speed
- Inconsistent spelling skills
- Writing – especially organising ideas
- Time management and organisational difficulties
- Maths – procedures, mental arithmetic and data entry
dyslexic employee

Many dyslexic people develop coping strategies which can 'hide' their difficulties. These may only become apparent when a job significantly changes, or an employee is placed under stress. Screening can indicate the likelihood of dyslexia and whether a diagnostic assessment is needed

If you think that an employee may be dyslexic - the indicators above will guide you on this - a diagnostic assessment will reveal the extent of the problem. Following the assessment, a detailed report will be written containing practical recommendations.

Diagnostic assessments can only be carried out by a suitably qualified specialist. If a diagnostic assessment confirms dyslexia, a Workplace Needs Assessment should be undertaken and will involve a Dyslexia specialist coming into the workplace to spend time with the employee.

An employer has a legal duty under The Equality Act 2010 to make appropriate reasonable adjustments to reduce the impact that a disability has on a person's ability to perform effectively in their role. Whilst this may sound daunting, sometimes only small changes are needed to have a big impact on someone's ability to do their job.

Examples of ‘reasonable adjustments’ include accepting that the employee will need to approach some tasks differently, specialist one to one Dyslexia skills training and assistive technology.

So here's what you need to know…
The Equality Act 2010
Reasonable adjustments

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You may notice difficulties with:
- Essay planning and writing
- Proof reading
- Note taking
- Reading accuracy, reading speed, reading comprehension
- Spelling
- Handwriting speed and/or legibility
- Time management and organisational skills
- Memory
- Processing speed

If you are 16 or over and think you may be dyslexic, there are things you can do to ensure you have the support you need as you head into further and higher education.

Although you do not need a formal diagnosis to receive educational support - screening is sometimes evidence enough - dyslexia can only be formally identified through a diagnostic assessment carried out by a certified assessor. Assessments are not available on the NHS. An advantage of a formal diagnosis is that dyslexia is covered by the Equality Act 2010. This means that schools and colleges have a duty to take this into account and therefore make reasonable adjustments to accommodate your difficulties.

If you are going to start a higher education course you should discuss your needs with your college or university before your course begins. A formal assessment helps your college/university to provide the support you need.

Many people find that a formal diagnosis helps them to understand the reason behind their difficulties, and it details their strengths as well as their weaknesses and helps them to understand how to make the most of their abilities.

If you are in Higher Education or about to enter Higher Education, you may qualify for Disabled Students' Allowance (DSA). To apply for DSA you will need to show a post-16 assessment report. DSA can provide funding for individual specialist study skills tuition as well as purchase of specialist software and equipment.

Further information about DSA can be obtained from https://www.gov.uk/disabled-students-allowances-dsas
dyslexic student
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Many dyslexic people in employment are very good at developing coping strategies. Dyslexic difficulties happen when their environment changes, such as when they begin a new job role. It's useful to know what your rights are as an employee with dyslexia.

Employers may use a Workplace Screener if they suspect challenges are due to dyslexia or another specific learning difficulty. Screening is used to indicate whether further investigations need to be carried out.

An Assessment is the only way to formally diagnose dyslexia, and it gives a lot more information than just a diagnosis. For example, an Assessment results in a full report which shows the particular strengths and weaknesses of the individual. Smaller organisations may not be able to offer to fully fund the Assessment, but may instead offer to contribute to the costs. If your employer is not willing to pay for or contribute towards an Assessment, you can arrange and privately fund an Assessment yourself.

Once an Assessment has been done, a Workplace Needs Assessment will help to determine the Reasonable Adjustments required to be made to the workplace to help support you.

Dyslexia is covered by the Equality Act 2010 and employers have a legal duty to make Reasonable Adjustments to the workplace to enable a member of staff to carry out their role to a satisfactory standard.

Reasonable Adjustments are the steps taken to help you gain the most from your strengths and minimise your weaknesses. They will vary according to the needs of you and of the job. It may take time to put adjustments in place and also to see the results.

Many reasonable adjustments are simple inexpensive changes that are easy to implement such as introducing assistive technology or regular rest breaks. An employee can request specific adjustments if they feel that these are the best ones, for example, if they have used them in a previous work environment.
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dyslexic child
You may notice:
- Reading difficulties - accuracy, reading speed, reading comprehension
- Spells a word several different ways without recognising the correct version
- Answers questions orally but not on paper
- Writes letters or digits the wrong way around
- Takes longer than average to do written work
- Difficulties remembering tables, alphabet etc
- Difficulty pronouncing long words
- Difficulty taking notes or copying
- Family history of similar difficulties

If you suspect that your child is dyslexic and has additional needs, then your first step should be to consult your child's teacher or the school's Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCo) to discuss your concerns. A school doesn't need a formal diagnosis to begin to put support in place for your child and shouldn't delay in providing appropriate support and/or interventions.

If after your child has received additional support you still have concerns about your child's progress a screening test can give an indication of possible dyslexic difficulties and help to outline strengths and weaknesses which can then inform a teaching strategy.

However a formal identification of dyslexia requires a Diagnostic Assessment, carried out by a certified, qualified person.

Exam Access Arrangements
The Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ) publishes regulations for GCSE and A Level examinations every year. Arrangements must reflect a pupil’s/student’s normal way of working and include:
  - Extra time
  - Reader
  - Scribe
  - Use of a word processor

If you feel you, a pupil or student will benefit from exam access arrangements you must consult with the school or college. Exam Access Arrangements are entirely the responsibility of the school/college and they will not accept a privately commissioned assessment report as evidence. If the school agree to an assessment, they will complete Section A of Form 8 prior to the assessment and once that has been received the assessment can take place. Following the assessment, the assessor will complete Section C of Form 8 for the institution.
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The Professional Choice For Dyslexia Assessments In Surrey and West Sussex
Lorraine Forehead    www.dyslexiasurrey.co.uk    07855 732258
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